NewsAbout UsLife HistoryProgramsLinks Home
Population Monitoring Program

Possessing annual estimates of black duck population characteristics, including abundance, sex and age structure, and vital rates (i.e., survival and recruitment) is critical to fulfilling the mission of the BDJV and achieving the goals of the NAWMP.  These estimates form the basis of black duck adaptive management and allow researchers and managers to assess model predictions, evaluate responses of black ducks to management, and track progress towards NAWMP goals.  Black duck population monitoring consists of three complementary programs: pre-season banding, the Mid-Winter Inventory, and Eastern Breeding Waterfowl Survey. 

Operational Programs Pilot Programs

Banding Program Mid-Winter Inventory Eastern Breeding Waterfowl Survey

Banding: Banding is an important tool in migratory bird management. When combined with population and harvest data banding provides important information about population dynamics and structure, distribution, and derivation of harvest. This information in turn helps guide management activities. The first “Continental Waterfowl Banding Program” was issued jointly by CWS and USFWS in 1959. This cooperative plan, and subsequent updates in 1967, 1971, 1975, 1985, and 1989, has served as the principle framework for waterfowl banding and provides specific banding goals (i.e., quotas) by region for the black duck. Another update to the plan is currently in progress. Pre-season banding of black ducks is coordinated by two programs, the Eastern Canada Cooperative Banding Program (ECCBP) and the Northeast States Banding Program (NESBP). The ECCBP was initiated in 1963 to focus efforts on duck banding in eastern Canada and to obtain representative samples of black ducks and mallards. The ECCBP is coordinated by the banding committee of the Atlantic Flyway. Funding for the ECCBP is provided by the Atlantic Flyway, state and provincial agencies, and the BDJV. The NESBP is funded by the BDJV to increase the number of black ducks and mallards banded in northeastern U.S.

Table 1.  Number of black ducks banded in the pre-season (July–September) 2010 and 2009.


Location

2010

2009

% Change

New Brunswick

981

961

2

Newfoundland

465

427

9

Nova Scotia

101

192

-48

Ontario

249

305

-19

Prince Edward Island

67

4

1,675

Quebec

2862

2279

26

Connecticut

32

40

-20

Delaware

0

1

N/A

Maine

332

241

38

Maryland

11

0

N/A

Massachusetts

12

14

-15

New Hampshire

8

19

-58

New Jersey

25

31

-20

New York

45

20

225

North Carolina

2

0

N/A

Pennsylvania

31

34

-9

Rhode Island

4

0

N/A

Vermont

41

80

-49

Michigan

24

12

200

Minnesota

18

20

-10

Wisconsin

6

13

-54

Total

5316

4693

13

Note:  Pre-season Banding Data obtained from the Bird Banding Laboratory on 20 June 2011.
Pre-season banding data, combined with harvest survey data provides an estimate of annual black duck productivity.  Estimates of black duck productivity are based on the age ratio of harvested birds corrected for relative vulnerability (from banding data).  Black duck age ratios exhibited a drastic decline between 1997 and 2000, but productivity has been relatively constant since 2001.

Age ratios